Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948), was a major political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement. Gandhi was a practitioner of non-violence and truth, and advocated that others do the same. He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn he had hand spun on a charkha. He ate simple vegetarian food, and also undertook long fasts as means of both self-purification and social protest.
The International Day of Non-Violence is observed on 2 October, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi. This day is referred as Gandhi Jayanti in India.